What we learnt 08/04/16

Hi all!

This post is a summary of some of the words and phrases that came up during the Nihongo Scotland session on Friday 08/04/16.

You can jump to your desired section, or scroll at your leisure ๐Ÿ™‚

    1. Introduction
    2. Most Valuable Phrase (& it’s breakdown)
    3. 08/04/16: What we did (& why we did it)
    4. Vocabulary (assorted)
    5. Grammar (sou/rashii/sou/you/mitai)

 

1. Introduction

At Nihongo Scotland, in addition to welcoming complete beginners, we provide an informal setting for those with some Japanese already under their belt to use it (before they lose it).

However, whilst free-flowing conversation and games are great for improving confidence, pronunciation, and a natural flow, it can be quite difficult to maintain fluid conversation AND take notes on anything new that has cropped up.

To make sure everyone has a chance to maintain the flow of their conversations, but still has a chance to review any words, phrases, or grammar points that came up, we will be documenting the sessions from here on in!

Please note, this is in the trial and error phase, and is no way a comprehensive list of every word spoken, but hopefully it will be of some use!

Please comment if you have any questions or suggestions!

2. Most Valuable Phrase

ไฝ•ใ‚’ใใฃใ‹ใ‘ใซๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชžใฎๅ‹‰ๅผทใ‚’ใฏใ˜ใ‚ใพใ—ใŸใ‹๏ผŸ

MVP Meaning

Kanji Hiragana Romanji Meaning
ไฝ•ใ‚’ใใฃใ‹ใ‘ใซๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชžใฎๅ‹‰ๅผทใ‚’ๅง‹ใ‚ใพใ—ใŸใ‹๏ผŸ ใชใซใ‚’ใใฃใ‹ใ‘ใซใซใปใ‚“ใ”ใฎในใ‚“ใใ‚‡ใ†ใ‚’ใฏใ˜ใ‚ใพใ—ใŸใ‹๏ผŸ nani o kikkake ni nihongo no benkyou o hajimemashitaka? What motivated you to start studying Japanese?

MVP breakdown

ไฝ•ใ‚’ใใฃใ‹ใ‘ใซ ๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชžใฎๅ‹‰ๅผท ใ‚’ๅง‹ใ‚ใพใ—ใŸใ‹๏ผŸ
ใชใซใ‚’ใใฃใ‹ใ‘ใซ ใซใปใ‚“ใ”ใฎในใ‚“ใใ‚‡ใ† ใ‚’ใฏใ˜ใ‚ใพใ—ใŸใ‹๏ผŸ
what was the motivation for Japanese study started?

MVP Grammar Point

ใ‚’ใใฃใ‹ใ‘ใซใ€€motivation, inspiration, trigger

Verb Noun
dictionary past (ใŸ) form of verb + ใฎ + ใ‚’ใใฃใ‹ใ‘ใซ noun +ย ใ‚’ใใฃใ‹ใ‘ใซ
ๅฝผๅฅณใจๅˆฅใ‚ŒใŸใฎใ‚’ใใฃใ‹ใ‘ใซใ€ๆฏŽๆ—ฅใŠ้…’ใ‚’้ฃฒใฟๅง‹ใ‚ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ ็—…ๆฐ—ใ‚’ใใฃใ‹ใ‘ใซใ€ใŠ้…’ใ‚’่พžใ‚ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚
Breaking up with my girlfriend triggered my daily drinking habit. Sickness motivated me to quit drinking.

**** Are you unsure about this phrasing? Leave us a question in the comments!

3. What we did on 08/04/16

We played a boardย game, where each player took turns to roll the dice, and was asked a question (in Japanese) based on the square they landed on (including: most embarrassing moment, your weekend, the meaning of your name, etc.). At least three more follow-up questions were also asked.

Why do it?

Improves sentence structure and conversation flow.

4. Vocabulary

Kanji Hiragana Meaning
ๆŽก็”จใ™ใ‚‹ ใ•ใ„ใ‚ˆใ†ใ™ใ‚‹ employ
ใ†ใฃใจใ†ใ—ใ„ ใ†ใฃใจใ†ใ—ใ„ gloomy
ใŠๆง‹ใ„ใชใ ใŠใ‹ใพใ„ใชใ don’t put yourself out
ใ‚ซใƒผใƒ‰ใ‚’ใฒใฃใใ‚Š่ฟ”ใ™ ใ‹ใƒผใฉใ‚’ใฒใฃใใ‚Šใ‹ใ™ turn over a card
ใ‚ซใƒผใƒ‰ใ‚’ๅˆ‡ใ‚‹ใƒปๆททใœใ‚‹ใƒปใ‚ทใƒฃใƒƒใƒ•ใƒซใ™ใ‚‹ ใ‹ใƒผใฉใ‚’ใใ‚‹ใƒปใพใœใ‚‹ใƒปใ—ใ‚ƒใฃใตใ‚‹ใ™ใ‚‹ shuffle cards
ๅค–ไบค็š„ ใŒใ„ใ“ใ†ใฆใ diplomatic
ใ‹ใฃใ“ ใ‹ใฃใ“ parenthesis
ใ‚นใ‚ญใƒฃใƒณใƒ€ใƒซ ใ™ใใ‚ƒใ‚“ใ ใ‚‹ scandal
ๆ”ฟๆฒป ใ›ใ„ใ˜ politics
ๅŒๅƒš ใฉใ†ใ‚Šใ‚‡ใ† colleague
ๅพฉๆดป ใตใฃใ‹ใค revive
ใƒ–ใƒฉใ‚ฑใƒƒใƒˆ ใถใ‚‰ใ‘ใฃใจ parenthesis
ใƒ–ใƒฉใƒณใƒ ใถใ‚‰ใ‚“ใก brunch
ใƒšใƒผใ‚ธใ‚’ๅทกใ‚‹ ใบใƒผใ˜ใ‚’ใ‚ใใ‚‹ turn a page
ๆ˜” ใ‚€ใ‹ใ— long ago
่‹ฑๆ–‡ๅญฆ ใˆใ„ใถใ‚“ใŒใ English literature
้ ๆ…ฎใชใ ใˆใ‚“ใ‚Šใ‚‡ใ†ใชใ without hesitation
ไฝœๆ›ฒๅฎถ ใ•ใฃใใ‚‡ใใ‹ composer
้Šƒๅฃฐ ใ˜ใ‚…ใ†ใ›ใ„ gunshot
่ชฟๅญใŒ็‹‚ใ† ใกใ‚‡ใ†ใ—ใŒใใ‚‹ใ† go out of sorts

**** Are you unsure about how to use any of these words? Leave us a question in the comments!

5. Grammar

In Japanese, there are a number of terms you can use to say “it looks like”, or “I’ve heard”. These terms are similar, and often confused!

 

Things you’ve heard
ใ‚‹ใƒปใŸใ€€๏ผ‹ใ€€ใใ† ใ‚‹ใƒปใŸใ€€๏ผ‹ใ€€ใ‚‰ใ—ใ„
Verb dictionary form + Sou Verb dictionary form + Rashii
Use: when you’ve received information you are confident is correct Use: when you’ve heard information but are not sure it’s correct
ย ้›จใŒใตใฃใŸใใ†ใงใ™ใƒป้›จใŒใตใ‚‹ใใ†ใงใ™ใ€‚ ๅฝผใฏไผš็คพใ‚’่พžใ‚ใ‚‹ใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ใงใ™ใ€‚ๅฝผใฏไผš็คพใ‚’่พžใ‚ใŸใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ใงใ™ใ€‚
ย ใ‚ใ‚ใŒใตใฃใŸใใ†ใงใ™ใƒปใ‚ใ‚ใŒใตใ‚‹ใใ†ใงใ™ใ€‚ ย ใ‹ใ‚Œใฏใ‹ใ„ใ—ใ‚ƒใ‚’ใ‚„ใ‚ใ‚‹ใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ใงใ™ใƒปใ‹ใ‚Œใฏใ‹ใ„ใ—ใ‚ƒใ‚’ใ‚„ใ‚ใŸใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ใงใ™ใ€‚
I heard that it rained (because someone who saw the rain told me) ใƒป I heard it will rain (because the weather forecaster said so). ย I heard he will quit the company (through the grapevine/rumour) ใƒป I heard he quit his company (through the grapevine – past action, but still unconfirmed).

 

Things you’ve seen
[V – ใพใ™ใ€ใ€€๏ผ‹ใ€€ใใ† ใ‚‹ใƒปใŸใ€€๏ผ‹ใ€€ใ‚ˆใ† ย ใ‚‹ใƒปใŸใ€€๏ผ‹ใ€€ใฟใŸใ„
Verb masu stemย + Sou Verb dictionary form + You ย Verb dictionary form + Mitai
Use: when you make a future predictionย whilst observing a present situation. Use: when you’re drawing a conclusion about a present situation that you are observing. More formal than mitai. ย Use: when you’re drawing a conclusion about a present situation that you are observing. More casual than you.
ย ้›จใŒใตใ‚Šใใ†ใงใ™ใ€‚ ๅฝผใฏใƒ†ใ‚นใƒˆใซๅˆๆ ผใ—ใŸใ‚ˆใ†ใงใ™ใ€‚ ย ๅฝผใฏใƒ†ใ‚นใƒˆใซๅˆๆ ผใ—ใŸใฟใŸใ„ใงใ™ใ€‚
ย ใ‚ใ‚ใŒใตใ‚Šใใ†ใงใ™ใ€‚ ย ใ‹ใ‚Œใฏใฆใ™ใจใซใ”ใ†ใ‹ใใ—ใŸใ‚ˆใ†ใงใ™ใ€‚ ย ใ‹ใ‚Œใฏใฆใ™ใจใซใ”ใ†ใ‹ใใ—ใŸใฟใŸใ„ใงใ™ใ€‚
It looks like it will rainย (because you can see that the sky has gone dark)

 

It seems he has passed the text (because you can see him looking happy and being congratulated by friends, so you conclude that he must have passed). It seems he has passed the text (because you can see him looking happy and being congratulated by friends, so you conclude that he must have passed).

Nihongo Day by Dayย was referenced for this post, and is recommended for further reading!

Japanese:ย http://nihongodaybyday.blogspot.co.uk/2013/02/blog-post.html

English:ย http://nihognodaybydayenglish.blogspot.co.uk/2013/07/sou-rashii-you-and-mitai.html

 

**** Are you unsure about this grammar? Leave us a question in the comments!

By | 2016-04-19T09:45:24+00:00 April 19th, 2016|Languages|Comments Off on What we learnt 08/04/16

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